Study Guide


I.  You should be able to identify and explain the historical significance of the following:

  1. John J. Pershing
  2. Kaiser Wilhelm II
  3. Central Powers
  4. Allies
  5. Lusitania
  6. Arabic
  7. Sussex
  8. George Creel
  9. Eugene V. Debs
  10. Bernard Baruch
  11. Herbert Hoover
  12. Marshal Foch
  13. Henry Cabot Lodge
  14. Warren G. Harding
  15. James M. Cox
  16. Victoriano Huerta
  17. A Mitchell Palmer

II.  You should be able to define and state the historical significance of the following:

  1. Self-determination
  2. Collective security
  3. conscription
  4. "normalcy"
  5. Hyphenated American
  6. Reparations

III.  You should be able to describe and state the historical significance of the following:

  1. Zimmerman Telegram (Zimmerman Note)
  2. Fourteen Points
  3. League of Nations
  4. Committee on Public Information
  5. Espionage and Sedition Acts
  6. Industrial Workers of the World
  7. War Industries Board
  8. Nineteenth Amendment
  9. Food Administration
  10. Eighteenth Amendment
  11. Bolsheviks
  12. Doughboys
  13. Big Four
  14. Treaty of Versailles
  15. Schenk vs. United States
  16. Irreconcilables
  17. Boston Police Strike

IV.  Discussion Questions:

  1. Compare and contrast Wilson's policies towards Mexico and Germany between 1913 and 1917.
  2. Was the United States really neutral between 1913 and 1917?   Justify your answer.
  3. What military role did the United States play in World War One?  How effective was that role?  Justify your answer.
  4. Generally, what were the Fourteen Points?  Why were they both important and controversial?
  5. Assess the U.S. contribution to the Allied Victory in 1918.
  6. What was the Red Scare, and what caused it?
  7. Which of the Fourteen Points were substantially obtained as a result of American participation in      World  War I?  Which were not?  Why?
  8. Why did President Wilson finally decide that the United States needed to enter World War I?  Do you agree that the the United States should have entered the War?  Did Wilson take the United States into the War for all the right reasons?  Justify your response.
  9. Baily argues that Wilson's high-minded appeal "worked-- perhaps too well." Do you agree?  Why or why not?
  10. President Wilson observed that woman suffrage was "a vitally necessary war measure." Why? Do you think that prohibition was also a vitally necessary war measure?  Why or why not?
  11. To what extent was the quarrel between Henry Cabot Lodge and Woodrow Wilson the deciding factor in the outcome of the Senate's vote on American participation in the League of nations.  Were there other, less personal, forces responsible for the League's defeat?  What were those forces, if any?
  12. Was the United States better off for having participated in World War I?  If so, in what ways? If not, why?  Create a scenario envisaging the outcome of World War I had the United States not joined the Allies.
  13. Was Woodrow Wilson a realist or an idealist?  Justify your response.
  14. Summarize the impact of American participation in World War I on:
bullet        The national economy
bullet        Civil Liberties
bullet        Public Attitudes

  15.  Why did the United States fail to join the League of Nations?  Consider the role of:

bullet        Woodrow Wilson
bullet        Henry Cabot Lodge
bullet        The provisions of the Treaty of Versailles
bullet        American political tradition

    16.  Assess the significance of Wilson's moralistic idealism on his

bullet            Call for America's entry into World War I in 1917
bullet            Fourteen Points
bullet            Campaign for American participation in the League of Nations

V.  Try the following online quizzes:

bullet                Bailey
bullet                Tindall and Shi