The Cold War, Containment, and the Fair Deal

Study Guide

 

I.  You should be able to identify and describe the historical significance of the following:

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Harry S. Truman

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George F. Keenan

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Douglas MacArthur

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Dean Acheson

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Joseph McCarthy

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Julius and Ethyl Rosenberg

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J. Strom Thurmond

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Henry Wallace

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Thomas Dewey

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Richard M. Nixon

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Alger Hiss

II.  You should be able to describe and state the historical significance of the following:

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Cold War

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Nuremberg Trials

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Iron Curtain

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Berlin Airlift

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Containment

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Truman Doctrine

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Marshall Plan

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National Security Act

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North Atlantic Treaty Organization

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Taft-Hartley Act

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House Committee on Un-American Activities

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McCarran Act

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Fair Deal

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Inchon Landing

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Fair Deal

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GI Bill of Rights

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Dixiecrats

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McCarran Internal Security Act

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Berlin Blockade

III.  Discussion Questions:

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Was Harry Truman a successful president?  Defend your answer.

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What was the containment policy and how was it implemented by President Truman?

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What was the Fair Deal and how important was it?

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Explain the U.S. involvement in the Korean Conflict

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What were the issues involved in the dispute between President Truman and General MacArthur?  Who was right?

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How did U.S. foreign policy and domestic affairs interact in the postwar years?

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Explain the rationale for the postwar policy of containment.  How was it applied in the Truman Doctrine, the Marshall Plan, and NATO?

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Trace the origins of the Cold War, considering the historical background of the United States - Soviet Union relations, the wartime relationship, and postwar developments.

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To what degree did each of the following contribute to the Cold War? (A) President Truman's style, (B) The Soviet Union's security interests, (C) American expectations for the postwar world.

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Was the Cold War inevitable?  If so, at what point did it become inevitable.

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Identify the factors that produced the anticommunist "witch hunt" after World War II.  What were the most important short term and long term consequences.

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Should Nazi and Japanese leaders have been tried for war crimes even though their crimes were not clearly defined as such before the war began?  Justify your position.

IV.  Practice Quizzes:

   Bailey

    Tindall and Shi