The Eisenhower Years

Study Guide

I. You should be able to identify and state the historical significance of the following:

1. Dwight D. Eisenhower

2. Joseph McCarthy

3. Earl Warren

4. Rosa Parks

5. Martin Luther King, Jr.

6. Ho Chi Minh

7. Ngo Dinh Diem

8. Gamal Abdel Nasser

9. Nikita Khrushchev

10. Fidel Castro

11. John F. Kennedy

12. Betty Friedan

13. Adlai Stevenson

14. John Foster Dulles

15. Francis Gary Powers

16. Alan Ginsburg

17. Jackson Pollack

18.  Norman Vincent Peale

19.  William Levitt 

II. You should be able to define and state the historical significance of the following:

1. McCarthyism

2. "Creeping Socialism"

3. Desegregation

4. "Massive Retaliation"

5. Military-Industrial Complex

6. Feminism

7. Brinkmanship

8.  Cult of Domesticity

9.  Abstract Expressionism

10.  Death of a Salesman

11.  Suburbs

12.  "In God We Trust"

13.  The Catcher in the Rye

14.  "White Flight"

III. You should be able to describe and state the historical significance of the following:

1. Plessy vs. Ferguson

2. Brown vs. Board of Education

3. White Citizens’ Councils

4. Civil Rights Act of 1957

5. Geneva Conference

6. South East Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO)

7. Hungarian Revolt

8. Suez Crisis

9. Eisenhower Doctrine

10. Landrum-Griffith Act

11. U-2 Incident

12. Sputnik

13. "Missile Gap"

14. National Defense Education Act

15. The Feminine Mystique

16. ST. Lawrence Seaway

17. Geneva Accords

18. Interstate Highway System

IV. Discussion Questions:

1. Why was there strong popular support for McCarthy’s anticommunist crusade in the early 1950’s?

2. Compare and contrast the foreign policies of President Eisenhower with those of President Truman. To what extent is there basic continuity of the containment doctrine?

3. Assess the diplomatic and military policies of John Foster Dulles. To what extent were they realistic? Defend your answer.

4. Describe President Eisenhower’s response to:

· McCarthyism

· The Civil Rights Movement

· Social-welfare programs of the New Deal

5. In what ways did the Eisenhower administration contribute to the developing American involvement in Vietnam? Why were these decisions made?

6. "Eisenhower was more popular than his political party." Assess the Validity of this statement.

7. In your opinion, what was the most important domestic issue or development of the 1950’s? What was the most significant foreign-policy decision or event of the 1950’s? Explain.

8. Bailey states that: "In Dwight Eisenhower, the man and the hour apparently met." In what way was President Eisenhower "good for" and a reflection of, his times?

9. Evaluate President Eisenhower’s response to:

· The fall of Dienbienphu

· The Hungarian revolt

· The Suez Crisis

· Castro’s Revolution in Cuba

10. Describe the literary flowering of post-World War II America.

11. Who was responsible for the Cold War?

12. Compare the New Deal to the Eisenhower Administration.

13. What factors contributed to the fall of Senator McCarthy?

14. What were the chief characteristics of American Foreign Policy under John Foster Dulles?

15. Trace United States involvement in Southeast Asia from 1945 – 1960.

16. What were the major events in the Civil Rights movement during the 1950’s? What role did the Eisenhower play in them?

17. Was Eisenhower a successful president? Defend your answer.

18.  What factors contributed to postwar growth and prosperity?

19.  What was the new consumer culture that emerged after World War II?

20.  In what was did conformity characterize the postwar American?  Was it peculiar to this time period?

21.  What happened to religious life in America after World War II?

22.  Who were the important literary critics of life in the 1950's and what were their criticisms?

23.  Who were the Beats and what were their concerns?  

V.  Practice Tests:

   A. Bailey

   B.  Tindall and Shi - The Eisenhower Years

   C.  Tindall and Shi - Society and Culture in The Fifties