From Isolationism To Global War

Study Sheet

 

I.  You should be able to identify and state the historical significance of the following:

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Cordell Hull

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Joseph Stalin

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Benito Mussolini

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Adolf Hitler

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Francisco Franco

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Winston Churchill

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Charles Lindbergh

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Wendell Wilkie

II.  You should be able to define and state the historical significance of the following:

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Reciprocity

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Isolationism

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Cash and Carry

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Blitzkrieg

III.  You should be able to describe and state the historical significance of the following:

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London Economic Conference

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Good Neighbor Policy

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Reciprocal Trade Agreement

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Nazi Party

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Nye Committee

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Neutrality Acts

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Atlantic Charter

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Kellogg-Briand Pact

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Washington Armaments Conference

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Five-Power Treaty

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Lend-Lease Program

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Neutrality Acts

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Ludlow Amendment

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London Naval Conference

IV.  Discussion Questions:

In what ways did U.S. foreign policy in the 1930's differ from its policy in the 1920's?

What efforts did America make to achieve peace and disarmament in the 1920's?

Compare U.S. relations with Japan with its relations with Latin America.

Why did the U.S. seek to remain neutral in the 1930's?

How did the Great Depression affect U.S. foreign policy?

Account for the attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941 and assess its consequences.

In what way did (q) the fall of France, (b) Hitler's invasion of the Soviet Union, and (c) the Attack on Pearl Harbor mark the most important turning points in American foreign policy between 1935 and 1942?

In what way did the Neutrality Acts of the 1930's "mark in effect an abandonment of the [United States} traditional policy of freedom of the seas?"

It is a common observation that American foreign policy often reflects domestic politics.  In what way did domestic considerations influence the Roosevelt Administrations'

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        Recognition of the Soviet Union.

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        Adoption of the Good Neighbor Policy

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        Extension of independence to the Phillippines

Assess President Roosevelt's conduct of American foreign policy after 1935.  When and why did he move from         isolationism to interventionism in the European War?  Why wasn't he more candid with the American people about what he was doing?  Do you think that he purposely led the United States into War?  Why?

To what extent did American diplomacy and economic policy provoke war with Japan?  What might the United States have done to delay or even prevent war with Japan?  Why wasn't that done?

At what point did American entry into the war in Europe become inevitable?  Why?

Was the argument that "one should not change horses in the middle of a stream" sufficient to justify Franklin Roosevelt's breaking the two-term tradition in 1940?  Why or why not?

Try the following Practice Quizzes:

Bailey

Tindall and Shi