The Modern Temper
I. You should be able to identify and state the historical significance of the following:
A. Mitchell Palmer
John T. Scopes
William Jennings Bryan
Frederick W. Taylor
F. Scott Fitzgerald
James Weldon Johnson
W.E.B. Du Bois
Zora Neale Thurston
T. S. Eliot
II. You should be able to define and state the historical significance of the following:
Buying on Margin
Great Northern Migration
The "Five Points"
III. You should be able to describe and state the historical significance of the following:
Sacco and Vanzetti Case
Emergency Quota Act
Immigration Quota Act
Florida Land Boom
The New Negro
The New Morality
The New Woman
Principle of Uncertainty
IV. Discussion Questions:
The 1920's was a time of "heroes." Why was this so? Why were Charles Lindberg and Henry Ford both admired so greatly during this period?
Describe the dominant themes of American Literature in the 1920's. Explain why these themes prevailed.
Should the 1920's be noted as a decade of anxiety and intolerance, hedonism and liberation, or both? Cite specific features of life in the 1920's to support your position.
Did the "Noble Experiment" of Prohibition do more harm than good, or vice versa? Cite specific consequences of the Prohibition Amendment to support your position.
Bailey argues that immigration legislation in the 1920's "caused America to sacrifice something of its tradition of freedom and opportunity, as well as much of its color and variety." Do you agree or disagree with this position? To what extent were immigration restrictions necessary in the 1920s?
How did the automobile industry have an effect in the 1920's?
Some historians have considered the tensions of the 1920's in terms of a rural backlash against a rising urban America. Do you agree with this proposition? Why or why not?
What did the Ku Klux Klan, Fundamentalists, Prohibitionists and opponents of immigration all have in common? How were their attitudes similar?
How were women involved in the social and cultural exchanges of the 1920's?
Describe the changes that occurred in black life and culture in the 1920's.
Explain the contributions of Freud, Marx, Einstein, and Heisenberg to the
new mood of the 1920s.
What were the chief features of modernist literature? Show how those
features were exhibited in the works of one of the authors mentioned in the
Compare the programs of the NAACP and the UNIA.
How did changes in scientific thinking affect social and literary thought?
To what extent did the Scopes Monkey Trial serve as a focal point of the deep conflicts over religion and culture in the 1920's.
How did innovations such as credit buying, advertising, and automobile travel weaken the old Protestant ethic with a new emphasis on pleasure and excitement?
In what ways were the 1920's a reaction against the Progressive Era?
Was the American isolationism of the 1920's linked to the
rise of movements like the Ku Klux Klan? In what ways did movements
like fundamentalism reflect similar "antimodern" outlooks, and in
what ways did they reflect more basic religious disagreements?