The Modern Temper

Study Sheet


I. You should be able to identify and state the historical significance of the following:

  1.     A. Mitchell Palmer

  2.     Al Capone

  3.     John Dewey

  4.     John T. Scopes

  5.     William Jennings Bryan

  6.     Clarence Darrow

  7.     Andrew Mellon

  8.     Bruce Barton

  9.     Henry Ford

  10.     Frederick W. Taylor

  11.     Charles Lindbergh

  12.     Margaret Sanger

  13.     Sigmund Freud

  14.     H.L. Mencken

  15.     F. Scott Fitzgerald

  16.     Ernest Hemingway

  17.     Sinclair Lewis

  18.     William Faulkner

  19.     James Weldon Johnson

  20.     Marcus Garvey

  21.      Pablo Picasso

  22.     Gertrude Stein

  23.     W.E.B. Du Bois

  24.     Zora Neale Thurston

  25.    Sinclair Lewis

  26.    Thomas Wolfe

  27.    T. S. Eliot

  28.    Oscar DePriest

  29.    Ezra Pound 

  30.    Walter Heizenberg

  31.    Margaret Mead

II.  You should be able to define and state the historical significance of the following:

  1.  Nativist

  2. Progressive Education 

  3. Buying on Margin

  4. NAACP

  5. "Monkey Trial"

  6. Great Northern Migration

  7. The "Five Points"

  8. Jazz

  9. Prohibition

III.  You should be able to describe and state the historical significance of the following:

  1. Red Scare

  2. Sacco and Vanzetti Case

  3. Emergency Quota Act

  4. Immigration Quota Act

  5. Volstead Act

  6. Fundamentalism

  7. "Modernists"

  8. Lost Generation

  9. "Flappers"

  10. Florida Land Boom

  11. Harlem Renaissance

  12. Jazz Age

  13. The New Negro

  14. The New Morality

  15. The New Woman

  16. Southern Renaissance

  17. Principle of Uncertainty

IV.  Discussion Questions:

  1. The 1920's was a time of "heroes."  Why was this so?  Why were Charles Lindberg and Henry Ford both admired so greatly during this period?

  2. Describe the dominant themes of American Literature in the 1920's.  Explain why these themes prevailed.

  3. Should the 1920's be noted as a decade of anxiety and intolerance, hedonism and liberation, or both?  Cite specific features of life in the 1920's to support your position.

  4. Did the "Noble Experiment" of Prohibition do more harm than good, or vice versa?  Cite specific consequences of the Prohibition Amendment to support your position.

  5. Bailey argues that immigration legislation in the 1920's "caused America to sacrifice something of its tradition of freedom and opportunity, as well as much of its color and variety."  Do you agree or disagree with this position?  To what extent were immigration restrictions necessary in the 1920s?

  6. How did the automobile industry have an effect in the 1920's?

  7. Some historians have considered the tensions of the 1920's in terms of a rural backlash against a rising urban America.  Do you agree with this proposition?  Why or why not?

  8. What did the Ku Klux Klan, Fundamentalists, Prohibitionists and opponents of immigration all have in common?  How were their attitudes similar?

  9. How were women involved in the social and cultural exchanges of the 1920's?

  10. Describe the changes that occurred in black life and culture in the 1920's.

  11. Explain the contributions of Freud, Marx, Einstein, and Heisenberg to the
    new mood of the 1920s. 

  12. What were the chief features of modernist literature? Show how those
    features were exhibited in the works of one of the authors mentioned in the

  13. Compare the programs of the NAACP and the UNIA.

  14. How did changes in scientific thinking affect social and literary thought?

  15. To what extent did the Scopes Monkey Trial serve as a focal point of the deep conflicts over religion and culture in the 1920's.

  16. How did innovations such as credit buying, advertising, and automobile travel weaken the old Protestant ethic with a new emphasis on pleasure and excitement?

  17. In what ways were the 1920's a reaction against the Progressive Era?

  18. Was the American isolationism of the 1920's linked to the rise of movements like the Ku Klux Klan?  In what ways did movements like fundamentalism reflect similar "antimodern" outlooks, and in what ways did they reflect more basic religious disagreements?