New Frontiers South and West - Study Guide

I.  You should be able to identify and state the historical significance of the following:

  1. Henry W. Grady

  2. James Buchanan Duke

  3. Sharecropping

  4. Crop lien system

  5. Bourbons

  6. Mississippi Plan for disenfranchisement

  7. Grandfather clauses

  8. Jim Crow Laws

  9. Plessy vs. Ferguson

  10. Booker T. Washington

  11. W.E.B. DuBois

  12. Exodusters

  13. George Armstrong Custer

  14. Chief Joseph

  15. A Century of Dishonor

  16. Dawes Severalty Act

  17. Homestead Act of 1862.

  18. Sitting Bull

  19. Geronimo

  20. Helen Hunt Jackson

  21. Joseph F. Glidden

  22. Oliver H. Kelley

  23. James B. Weaver

  24. Mary Elizabeth Lease

II.  You should be able to describe and state the historical significance of the following:

  1. Sioux Wars

  2. Nez Perce 

  3. Apache

  4. Ghost Dance

  5. Battle of Wounded Knee

  6. Comstock Lode

  7. Long Drive

  8. Homestead Act

  9. Eighty-niners

III.  Discussion Questions:

  1. Why were the Bourbon Redeemers important in the post-Civil War South? 

  2. How did relations between African Americans and whites change after the Civil War? 

  3. Explain how the sharecropping and tenant systems worked in southern agriculture. 

  4. Contrast the visions of Booker T. Washington and W. E. B. Du Bois for freed blacks. 

  5. What did the boom and bust in cattle ranching have on the settlement of the West? 

  6. Describe the effects on Indians of expansion of white settlements in the West.

  7. Compare the lives of southern sharecroppers and western sodbusters. Which was easier and more profitable? 

  8. How helpful is Turner's thesis in explaining what is distinctive about the United

  9. The Homestead Act was less successful than hoped.  Why?  Consider the provisions of the law and its loopholes, and environmental conditions on the Great Plains.

  10. Explain the ultimate defeat of the Plains Indians by Whites.  Select and discuss at least three major reasons for the decline of the Plains culture; then tell which you think was the most important and why.

  11. If you had lived at the time, what would you have proposed as a solution to the "Indian problem?"  What would have been your view on "concentration," the Dawes Severalty Act, and the savagery of Indian warfare?

  12. Bailey states that "where fighting is protracted and uncivilized, the ethics of combat are ordinarily pulled down to a primitive level."  Do you agree?  How do the late-nineteenth-century Indian wars illustrate this generalization?

  13. Bailey contends that "American history cannot be properly understood unless it is viewed in light of [the] westward experience."  Do you agree?  Why or why not?  What unique contributions did the frontier experience make to American life?

  14. What makes Frederick Jackson Turner's thesis so provocative?

IV.  The linked Practice Quiz may help you.