The Progressive Era
I. You should be able to identify and state the historical significance of the following:
Henry Demarest Lloyd
David G. Phillips
Robert M. LaFollette
Charles Evans Hughes
William Howard Taft
Eugene V. Debs
Louis D. Brandeis
Frederick W. Taylor
II. You should be able to define and state the historical significance of the following:
rule of reason
III. You should be able to describe and state the historical significance of the following:
Northern Securities case
Meat Inspectiom Act
Pure Food and Drug Act
Desert Land Act
Forest Reserve Act
"Stream of Commerce" Doctrine
Federal Reserve System
Federal Trade System
Clayton Antitrust Act
Anthracite Coal Strike
Underwood Tariff Bill
Federal Farm Loan Act
Workingmen's Compensation Act
III. Discussion Questions:
What were the antecedents to progressivism and why were they important?
In the view of the progressives, what was wrong with American society? What solutions did they try to use?
Most active progressives were middle-class Americans. Why was progressive reform more attractive to them than to other "interest groups" at the time?
What were the various solutions proposed by progressives to deal with giant corporations?
List the five most outstanding achievements of Roosevelt's presidency. Rank these five according to your assessment of their importance and justify your ranking.
What caused the split between President's Roosevelt and Taft?
In what ways was the Progressive movement paradoxical?
President Roosevelt spoke disparagingly of the muckrakers and their work. Do you agree or disagree with his view of these journalists? Why or why not?
Would you label Theodore Roosevelt a radical, liberal, moderate, or conservative? Justify your choice.
Who were the candidates and what were their positions on the issues in the Presidential election of 1912?
Was Theodore Roosevelt or Woodrow Wilson the more successful progressive president? Justify your response.
Identify the "three C's" of President Roosevelt's "Square Deal." Describe what he did to bring progressive reform action in each of the three areas.
Theodore Roosevelt is sometimes called the "first modern president." Interpret this phrase and explain how it fits Roosevelt's conduct of the office.
Was Roosevelt's claim that Taft had abandoned his policies was entirely fair? Why or why not?
Describe the ways in which Taft's conduct of diplomacy was both similar to and different from Roosevelt's. Who was the more effective diplomat? Why?
It has been said of Theodore Roosevelt that "he stood close to the center and bared his teeth at the conservatives of the right and the liberals of the extreme left." To what extent is this an accurate judgment of Roosevelt's politics? Cite specific examples of Roosevelt's actions to justify your response.
Bailey argues that progressives "waged war on social evils -- notably monopoly, corruption, inefficiency, and social injustices." Identify at least one specific action undertaken by progressives to remedy a specific evil in each of the four categories in the quotation. Elaborate on the causes of each problem, its nature, and what progressives did about it.
Progressives believed that "the cure for the ills of democracy was more democracy." Apply this observation to progressive action in city and state government reform. Assess the accuracy of the statement in that regard.
Compare and contrast Roosevelt's New Nationalism and Wilson's New Freedom programs. Which was the more realistic response to industrialization? Justify your response.
Compare the issues and candidates in the presidential elections of 1912 and 1916. To what factors do you attribute Wilson's success in each?
"Despite his intentions and idealistic pronouncements, Woodrow Wilson's Caribbean policy was a mere extension of Roosevelt's "big stick." Assess the validity of this statement.
Wilson once remarked that he was "going to teach the South American republics to elect good men." To what extent is this a proper function for the President of the United States?
Bailey's Online Quizzes may help you.
Tindall and Shi's Online Quiz may help also.