Republican Resurgence and Decline

Study Guide


I.  You should be able to identify and state the historical significance of the following:

  1. Warren G. Harding

  2. Charles Evans Hughes

  3. Andrew Mellon

  4. Herbert Hoover

  5. Albert B. Fall

  6. Harry M. Daugherty

  7. Charles R. Forbes

  8. Calvin Coolidge

  9. John W. Davis

  10. Alfred E. Smith

  11. Robert M. La Follette

  12. Charles A. Lindberg, Jr.

  13. Alfred E. Smith

II.  You should be able to describe and state the historical significance of the following:

  1. "Ohio Gang"

  2. Trade Associations

  3. American Legion

  4. Washington Conference

  5. Kellogg-Briand Pact

  6. Fordney-McCumber Tariff

  7. Teapot Dome Scandal

  8. Farm block

  9. McNary-Haugen Bill

  10. Dawes plan

  11. Agricultural Marketing Act

  12. Hawley-Smoot Tariff

  13. Black Friday

  14. Muscle Shoals Bill

  15. Reconstruction Finance Corporation

  16. Bonus Army (Bonus Expeditionary Force)

  17. Hoover-Stimson Doctrine

  18. Normalcy

  19. Taylorization

  20. Bureau of Standards

  21. Marketing Cooperatives

  22. "American Plan"

  23. Federal Home Loan Bank Act

  24. Margin Buying

  25. Farm Bureau Federation


III.  Discussion Questions:


  1. What happened to progressivism in the 1920's? 

  2. What is mass production, and what changes did it bring in the 1920's?

  3. Of the three Presidential elections of the 1920's which was the most significant and which the least important?  Defend your answer.

  4. Describe the health of U.S. Agriculture in the 1920's and evaluate the efforts to help farmers.

  5. What factors contributed to the collapse of the American economy at the end of the 1920's?

  6. To what extent did the policies of the booming 1920's contribute to the depression?

  7. How did Hoover's ideas of "rugged individualism" and "associationalism" affect his policies to deal with the collapse of the economy?

  8. How did the depression challenge the traditional belief of Hoover and other Americans in "rugged individualism?"

  9. Compare the personal characteristics of Harding, Coolidge and Hoover.  What did they have in common?  How do their personal qualities help to explain their political success in the 1920's?

  10. What evidence indicated throughout the 1920's that the economy was not as healthy as most believed?  Why weren't these weaknesses addressed?

  11. IN what ways did the Washington Conference, Kellogg-Briand Pact, and Hoover-Stimson doctrine fall short of ensuring American National security?

  12. Outline the causes of the great crash of 1929.  Why did it come so unexpectedly?

  13. What did Herbert Hoover do to combat the Great Depression?  What more could he have done? Justify Bailey's description of Hoover as the "pioneer of the New Deal."