Stearns Chapter Five

Directions:  Read Chapter Five: The Classical Period: Directions, Diversities and Declines by 500 C.E. in your textbook and answer the following inquiries in complete sentences.  Your responses must be either typewritten double spaced, or neatly written in blue or black ink. Responses written in pencil or odd colored inks will not be accepted.  You may email your responses if wish at your own risk, but you are responsible whether your responses are received or not.


  1. In what ways were the eastern and western Roman Empires different? In what ways were they similar?

  2. How can it be argued that the Roman Empire did not really "fall" in 476 C.E.?

  3. What were the main common factors in the decline of classical civilizations?

  4. In what ways did the fall of classical civilizations differ from one another?

  5. What role did religion play in the decline of classical civilizations?

  6. What were the main features of the civilizations of Kush, Axum, and Ethiopia? In what ways were they similar and different?

  7. Describe THREE examples of syncretism in the development of Christianity and Hinduism.

  8. What classical traditions and institutions survived despite the fall of classical civilizations?

  9. In what ways did migrations and nomads threaten classical empires and civilizations?